On October 10 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency published a damning report which said that Lance Armstrong - a cancer survivor with seven Tour de France titles and an Olympic medal - had been involved in the 'most sophisticated, professionalized and successful doping program that sport has ever seen'.
The International Cycling Union ratified USADA's decision to ban the 41-year-old American for life and annul his results from August 1998 onward. His former team-mates who testified against him were given reduced bans by the authorities and will be back to racing, have vowed never to dope again. Cycling has 'always' been at a crossroads and the complex anti-drug procedures only contributed in the long delay.
Armstrong, however, has always denied doping and also declined to contest the charges made by the USADA prompting sponsors for a payback. The great fall from grace notwithstanding, Armstrong - one of the greatest cyclists of all time - is still regarded as a true champion by many fellow riders. But will his shameful legacy ever be forgotten for the sport to move on?