By Poornima Gupta and Malathi Nayak
CUPERTINO, California (Reuters) - Apple Inc
The "iPhone 5C" comes in five hues - blue, green, pink, yellow and white - and starts in the United States at $99 with a contract, or $549 without. But an unlocked 5C will go for 4,488 yuan and above in China, more than the average urban resident earns in a month and a price that may disappoint those hoping for a more aggressive assault on the world's largest cellular market.
Apple has been losing ground to Samsung Electronics Co Ltd <005930.KS> and Huawei Technologies Co Ltd in emerging markets such as China, and a more affordable 5C was deemed instrumental to helping it claw back market share.
It also needs to sharply expand its existing distribution. Apple did not on Wednesday address speculation that it is on the verge of signing a distribution pact with China Mobile Ltd <0941.HK>, the country's biggest wireless carrier with more than 740 million subscribers.
But a notice posted on a Chinese government website said regulators had, in an expected move, granted a license to allow the iPhone to use China Mobile's homegrown mobile network, which is different from the standard used by existing iPhone carriers China Telecom Corp <0728.HK> and China Unicom <0762.HK>.
Other details of the two new iPhone models had been telegraphed ahead of time in several media reports, leaving the U.S. launch devoid of major surprises, and Apple shares dropped more than 2 percent on Tuesday to $494.64.
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The pricier "5S" begins at $199 with a contract and also comes in three colors - gray, silver and gold. It sports a faster processor, a camera that takes bursts of photos and chooses the best, and the fingerprint-scanner that unlocks the phone with a touch.
It also includes a separate chip, called the "M7 Motion co-processor", which can track motion data continuously without heavily draining the battery.
That opens the door to better track sports and fitness-related user activity, now the domain of wearable devices like the wrist-worn Fitbit, and lets developers experiment with apps that make use of those functions.
Carolina Milanesi, an analyst with Gartner, called it "brilliance" on Apple's part, in that it gives them potential exposure to the wearable-devices market without having to actually design and rush out a gadget of their own like a smartwatch.
(SLIGHTLY) CHEAPER MODEL
Apple stock had gained more than 11 percent over the past month, in a typical rally ahead of a big product launch. Tuesday's sell-off also reflected a post-event pattern.
"We are just seeing an aspect of device numbing or resistance, meaning it takes more and more to thrill and excite the consumer," said Jonathan Kanterman, an independent alternative investment consultant.
"Are you going to go out and upgrade to the new 5S if you just bought a new iPhone within the past year? Probably not."
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The cheaper phone goes on sale online on Friday, while the pricier gadget will be available from September 20. For the first time, it will sell in China at the same time as the United States, a move expected to severely curtail the underground market for smuggled phones in the world's No. 2 economy.
The 5C marks a departure from Apple's focus on purely premium phones, but not as much as some expected.
"It means Apple will hold on to margins but clearly they are not going after the very low-end of the market, which will disappoint some investors," said Shannon Cross of Cross Research.
"This is their first foray into multiple colors and the plastic back. Keep in mind by next year they would have probably have discounted this down, so I think there's still opportunity."
Wall Street approves of the move to offer a more basic version of the device, although some investors warned initially that it would reduce margins and potentially tarnish a brand that has been linked to premium users since its 2007 inception.
Others worry that, at just $100 below the 5S, the cheaper iPhone will begin drawing would-be buyers away from the premium gadget. Apple has said it prefers to cannibalize its own gadgets rather than allowing rivals, such as phones that rely on Google Inc's
Apple would have had to ward off "Android or even Microsoft, picking up some momentum with its new partnership with Nokia. Apple shouldn't leave the entire field to all these guys," said Roger Kay of Endpoint Technologies. "They've put their 'slightly down market but not really enough to change the brand' product into the market."
Longer term, investors hope a bigger emerging-market presence can help reverse a 29 percent fall in the company's share price since it hit a record high of $702.10 a year ago. The sell-off was fueled by fears of slowing growth and a perception that Apple's ability to innovate and shake up industries was dwindling.
Industry observers said Apple had not turned out a category-defining electronic device since late co-founder Steve Jobs made a bet on the iPad in 2010. Speculation revolves around a smartwatch along the same lines as Samsung's recently introduced Galaxy Gear, or some sort of TV product.
But analysts said neither was likely to generate numbers anywhere in the neighborhood of the iPhone, which supplies half of Apple's revenue and is the company's highest-margin product.
Since the first touch-screen iPhone hit the market in 2007, software features have become easier to replicate and improvements in speed, weight, display size and resolution have become routine. The explosion of me-too products is already hurting profit margins and nibbling at Apple and Samsung's market share.
"Apple needs to demonstrate in the coming months that it has other product lines which can start to make up for slowing growth and falling margins in (the) iPhone and iPad," said Jan Dawson, a chief telecoms analyst for Ovum Research. "That's a tall order."
(Additional reporting by Jennifer Ablan in NEW YORK and Paul Carsten in BEIJING; Writing by Edwin Chan; Editing by Tim Dobbyn, Ken Wills and Alex Richardson)